osage orange tree

The Osage orange tree is also known as a bodark, hedge apple, prairie hedge, yellow-wood, bow wood, naranjo chino, or horse apple. Corrections? Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants. As settlers migrated west, establishing homesteads and frontier farms, Osage orange was a highly prized timber source valued for the sturdiness of the wood. The Osage-orange, Maclura pomifera, is an ancient tree, a prehistoric survivor.

We participate in Affiliate programmes, some of the links mentioned above are affiliate links, which means that if you choose to make a purchase, I will earn a commission. Usually untouched by insect attacks and fungal diseases. The trunk is short and the branches grow in such a manner that they frequently overlap. Our communities. Osage orange summer leaf, fall leaf, and fruit. Dense flexible hardwood used in bow making and the French named this plant 'Bois d'arc' (Bow-wood) after observing bow making by the Native Americans. Most animals, except for squirrels, do not find the fruit of this tree to be palatable. The trunk grows to several feet in diameter. White Shield osage-orange (Maclura pomifera 'White Shield'):  A fruitness cultivars that has few to no thorns. If not controlled, scales can kill off these trees. Grapefruit Tree Info: Why Doesn't My Grapefruit Tree Bear Fruit, Herbal Vinegar Recipes – How To Infuse Vinegar With Herbs, Fruit Flavored Vinegar Recipes – Learn About Flavoring Vinegar With Fruit, Home Canning Mushrooms – Tips For Storing Mushrooms In Jars, Cover Crops For Weed Control: When To Plant Cover Crops To Suppress Weeds, Fertilizer For Lawns – What Type Of Lawn Fertilizer To Use, Wildflower Meadow Maintenance: Learn About End Of Season Care For Meadows, Managing Climbing Roses: Learn About Training Climbing Rose Plants, Pressing Flowers: Bringing The Outdoors In Year Round, Halloween In The Garden: When Plants Become Dormant For Winter, Haunted Houseplants – Top Houseplants For Halloween, Giant Pumpkin Growing: Life Lessons Through Gardening. Have tree and plant questions?

A medium-sized thorny tree, Osage orange trees form an impenetrable natural barrier when planted as a hedge. The wood yields a yellow dye. Schneid. It contains tetrahydroxystilbene, an anti-fungicide that may deter insects. Use enter to activate. This means that the trees often are not allowed to grow naturally and, instead, grow into what looks like one large row of hedges. The bark has a somewhat fibrous appearance. With that said, what are they actually used for? This tree can also reproduce from root sprouts. Common Name(s): Osage Orange, Horse Apple, Hedge Apple, Bois d’arc Scientific Name: Maclura pomifera Distribution: South-central United States Tree Size: 50-60 ft (15-18 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 54 lbs/ft 3 (855 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.76, .86 Janka Hardness: 2,620 lb f (11,640 N) Modulus of Rupture: 18,650 lb f /in 2 (128.6 MPa) Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Farmers planted the tough little trees in tight rows and pruned them well to keep them bushy.

Osage are tough native trees and are not picky about growing conditions. When you break the fruit of this tree open, it has a milky, bitter sap that comes out.

See our, Peanut Plant Growing Guide for Home Gardeners, Privacy Policy, Disclosures and Affiliate Disclosure. Building the urban forest for 2050. Peanut Plant Growing Guide for Home Gardeners. They grow in hardiness zones 4 – 9. Your information will *never* be shared or sold to a 3rd party. Not related to apple trees, this widely adapted tree is actually part of the mulberry family. If you want to plant these seeds, you have to allow them to go through a brief chill so as to start the germination process.

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